Wilson County Texas Real Estate
Wilson County is on the upper coastal plain of South Texas. The county seat and largest city is Floresville, which is thirty miles southeast of San Antonio. Four major highways serve the county, U.S. highways 87 and 181 and State highways 97 and 123. Transportation needs are also served by the Southern Pacific Railroad.
The climate offers mild winters and warm summers. Temperatures in January range with an average low of 40° and in July with an average high of 96° F. The growing season averages 280 days per year, with the last freeze in February and the first freeze in early December. Crops include peanuts, hay, sorghum, oats, wheat, corn, watermelons, peaches, and pecans.
The area that now comprises Wilson County has been the site of human habitation for several millennia. Archeological evidence reveals that hunter-gatherer Indians of the Coahuiltecan linguistic family occupied the region for several thousand years prior to the arrival of Europeans in the sixteenth century. The area was also in the hunting range of Comanche, Tonkawa, and Lipan-Apache Indians. The first Europeans to reach the territory were Spanish explorers, who traveled through the area in the early eighteenth century.
The first Anglo settlers arrived in the region in the late 1840s. Between 1850 and 1860 planters from the Southern states moved into the area, as did German immigrants from Guadalupe County and Polish immigrants from Karnes County. Wilson County was established by an act of the legislature on February 13, 1860. It was cut from Bexar and Karnes counties and named for Somervell expedition member and legislator, James C. Wilson. Sutherland Springs was designated the county seat, and Dr. G. J. Houston, one of the first residents of La Vernia, was appointed as commissioner to organize the new county.
In the early 1980s the county had four school districts with five elementary, three middle, and four high schools. Fifty-one percent of the 146 high school graduates planned to attend college. Major agricultural produce included grain sorghums, vegetables, peanuts, and watermelons; cattle, hogs, and poultry contributed two-thirds of the farm income.
A watermelon jubilee is held each June in Stockdale, and a peanut festival is held each October in Floresville. The total number of businesses in the county in the early 1980s was 228. Currently the leading workforce industries include: agribusiness, oil and gas field services, and the manufacture of structural clay products and fabricated metal plate work.
Cities and Towns in Wilson County
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