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Dilley, Texas. Dilley is located sixteen miles from Pearsall in southern Frio County. The community was originally called Darlington, after a local landowner who settled in the area in the mid-1860s. The settlement was established on the International-Great Northern Railroad from San Antonio to Mexico. At the time Darlington had a general store and several dwellings. The community was sometimes called Ford because of a nearby Frio River crossing of an old Spanish trail, known as Rocky Ford.

The name of the community was changed to Dilley in honor of George M. Dilley, an official of the railroad. There is also evidence to suggest that the name may have been derived from that of an early settler in the area named Dillahunty. A Darlington post office had been established in 1885. The post office was named Darlington at least until 1892. By 1896 the community was officially called Dilley and had an estimated population of fifty. By 1900 the community supported two churches and a one-teacher school. In 1906 the school had eighty-seven students and two teachers. Dilley was incorporated in 1912.

By 1914 the town had an Baptist, Methodist, and Presbyterian churches, the Dilley State Bank, a weekly newspaper, a cotton gin, seven general stores, and two hotels. Dilley had become a shipping center for cattle, vegetables, and fruit. The town had the county's sole surviving cotton gin sometime in the 1930s.

Sometime in the late 1940s the Dilley Independent School District was consolidated with the Millett School district of La Salle County. In 1965 Dilley was the county's second largest town and a commercial shipping point for peanuts, watermelons, and cattle. Oil exploration in the region was encouraged by a horizontal-drilling technology developed in the late 1980s. Today the population is recorded at 5,312.

Elementary
Dilley Elementary School
(830) 965-1313
245 W Fm 117
Dilley, TX

Middle
Mary Harper Middle School
(830) 965-2195
208 W Curtis St
Dilley, TX

High
Dilley High School
(830) 965-1814
245 W Fm 117
Dilley, TX

Demographics

zip code: 78017

County Average

State Average

National Average

Neighborhood type Small Town
Population 5,312 16,345 22,118,509 290,809,777
Pop. density 14.0 13.4 79.6 79.6
Percent male 64.3% 54.2% 49.6% 49.1%
Percent female 35.7% 45.9% 50.4% 50.9%
Median age 32.4 34.1 34.0 36.5
People per household 3.0 3.0 2.8 2.6
Median household income $22,004 $22,954 $39,927 $41,994
Average income per capita $21,525 $10,079 $19,617 $21,587
 

Crime

Violent crime risk index 2.0 4.8 3.1 3.0
Property crime risk index 2.0 4.3 3.1 3.2
 

Housing

Median home value $32,465 $74,200 $94,300 $170,800
Median age of homes 32.4 19.2 23.4 27.8
Home appreciation 2.6% 2.6% 2.3% 7.7%
Homes - owned 52.7% 62.0% 57.8% 63.4%
Homes - rented 25.1% 21.2% 32.8% 21.7%
Homes - vacant 22.2% 16.8% 9.4% 14.8%
Commuting by bus 0.3% 0.7% 1.9% 2.0%
Commuting by carpool 20.4% 20.8% 14.5% 14.6%
Commuting by auto 69.1% 71.7% 77.8% 71.6%
Working at home 2.8% 2.9% 2.8% 5.6%
 

Family Facts

Currently married 56.6% 58.3% 56.5% 58.3%
Never married 26.2% 24.4% 25.6% 23.8%
Divorced 6.8% 6.6% 9.8% 7.7%
Widowed 6.6% 7.0% 5.7% 7.4%
Separated 3.9% 3.8% 2.5% 2.8%
Married - w/ children 33.2% 33.3% 38.1% 28.5%
Married - no children 25.3% 28.2% 37.9% 31.3%
Single - w/ children 17.0% 12.3% 13.8% 9.3%
Single - no children 24.5% 26.2% 10.2% 30.7%

Education

High school graduates 62.3% 66.1% 75.7% 80.4%
College degree - 2 year 5.4% 5.5% 5.2% 8.2%
College degree - 4 year 6.5% 9.2% 15.6% 14.9%
Graduate degree 1.6% 5.7% 7.6% 7.0%
Expenditures per student $6,151 $5,330 $6,218 $5,896
Students per teacher 11.4 13.7 12.4 16.0
Students per librarian 937 1,278 995 934
Students per guidance counselor 313 1,278 995 560
 

Economy

Unemployment rate 7.0% 6.5% 6.0% 5.7%
Recent job growth 2.7% -0.6% 0.9% 1.4%
Future job growth 15.9% -0.6% 0.9% 10.5%
Sales tax 8.25% 7.50% 7.77% 5.63%
Income tax 0.00% 0.00% 0.00% 5.02%
Cost of living index 65.8 73.9 80.0 100.0
 

Health

Air quality 77 77 63 48
Watershed quality 90 90 71 54
Physicians per capita 55.1 55.1 81.7 168.5
Health cost index 87.6 89.4 96.1 100.0
Superfund site index 100 99 93 71
UV index 6.0 6.0 5.8 4.3
 

Climate

Altitude 550 631 1,371 1,058
Rainfall (inches annually) 25.7 27.3 31.3 38.8
Snowfall (inches annually) 0.0 0.1 2.5 24.4
January avg. low temp 39.9 39.5 33.0 21.6
July avg. high temp 97.6 96.9 94.6 86.4
Days of precipitation annually 82 82 77 112
Days mostly sunny annually 224 224 235 205
Comfort index (during hot weather) 23 23 27 44
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