Medina County Texas Real Estate
Medina County is located west of Bexar County in southwest Texas. Hondo, the county seat, is located near the center of the county, 100 miles from the Mexican border at Eagle Pass. The climate is subtropical and sub humid; this makes the summers are hot and dry. The temperature averages a low of 42° F in the winter and a high of 96° in the summer. The annual growing season is 263 days. Approximately 45 percent of the land in the county is considered prime farmland.
There are four major oil and gas fields in the county; The Taylor-Ina field, the Adams field, the Bear Creak field, and the Chacon Lake field. High-quality clays for the production of bricks and tile are found in the D'Hanis area of western Medina County. Limestone is used extensively for buildings and hand-carved tombstones. Crushed limestone, Flintstone, igneous pebbles, caliche, and clay are found in the county and are used widely as road materials.
Medina County is in an area that has been the site of human habitation for many thousands of years. Evidence of early man has been discovered at a site known as Scorpion Cave on the Medina River in the northeastern part of the county. Archeologists believe that ancestors of either Coahuiltecan or Tonkawa Indians occupied this cave continuously for several thousand years before the arrival of the first Europeans.
Medina County was separated from Bexar County by the legislature on February 12, 1848, and enlarged on February 1, 1850, again gaining lands from Bexar County. At this time the population of Medina County was estimated to be predominantly Catholic at a ratio of five out of every six people. The first church in the county, the Catholic Church of St. Louis Parish in Castroville, was completed in November 1846. The first public school in Medina County was also established in Castroville in 1854. By 1858 the county had five schools and five churches, three Protestant and two Catholic.
The arrival of the railroads during the 1880s was a significant turning point for Medina County. Cattle raising had more than doubled during the 1870s. Property values tripled during the same period. Barbed wire effectively ended the practice of free-range cattle ranching.
The opening of the Army Aviation Navigation School in Hondo in late summer of 1942, the largest of its kind in the world at the time, provided an economic boom for Hondo and the rest of the county. As many as 3,000 people were employed by the H. B. Zachry Company of San Antonio during air field construction; over 5,300 military personnel were stationed at the base by November 1942. In 1950 all the common school districts in the county consolidated into seven independent districts: Devine, D'Hanis, Hondo, Natalia, Castroville, LaCoste, and Yancey.
Medina County offers a wide range of recreational opportunities. Hunting and fishing were major recreational resources available throughout the county. Medina Lake in northeastern Medina County is noted for its large numbers of black bass, white bass, catfish, and hybrid striped bass. Hunting is available mostly through leasing arrangements with private land owners. The game most likely to be hunted in the county is white-tailed deer, and wild turkey, although leases are available for hunters interested in sika deer, axis deer, and mouflon sheep.
Cities and Towns in Medina County
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