Frio County Texas Real Estate
Frio County is located in the Winter Garden Region of Southwest Texas. Frio shares its eastern border with Atascosa County, its southern border with La Salle County, its western border with Zavala County, and its northern border with Medina County. The county is named after the Frio River, which flows northwest to southeast through the county. Pearsall, the county seat, is located fifty miles southwest of San Antonio and seventy miles east of the United States-Mexican border.
The average high temperatures in the winter are 64° F; the average extremes in the summer hit 98°. Frio county farmers can expect a growing season of 276 days and an average of twenty-five inches of rainfall a year. The sun shines an average 66 percent of all daylight hours.
Wildlife in the county when its first settlers arrived in the mid-nineteenth century included mustangs, mountain lions, black bears, and wolves. Buffalo and antelope were present as well as large numbers of whitetail deer. Today, Wildlife in the county that is subject to hunting laws include: quail, muskrats, beavers, badgers, foxes, weasels, raccoons, skunks, turkeys, sand hill cranes, ducks, coots, geese, woodcocks, mourning and white-winged doves, among others.
One of the first people to settle permanently in Frio County was Ben Duncan, who arrived in 1856, and one of the first to ranch the area was James Berry. In 1860 eleven families of white settlers and two blacks made up the population of forty-two. Early settlers included Mexican War veterans.
Frio County was formed by the Texas legislature from parts of Atascosa, Bexar, and Uvalde counties on February 1, 1858, but was not organized until May 22, 1871. The site for Frio County was chosen because of the promise of irrigated farming offered by the Frio River, as well as the town site’s proximity to the Presidio Road.
By 1989 the Bigfoot field in Frio County had produced twenty-nine million barrels of oil, and Pearsall field had produced sixty million barrels; these two fields were among the most productive oilfields in the San Antonio Oil and Gas District. In 1989 agribusiness and the oil business remained the dominant economic enterprises in the county. Farmers and ranchers of Frio County made $41,705,000 in 1989. The leading products were peanuts, beef cattle, vegetables, cotton, and hogs. Today the oil industry in Frio County remains a successful and productive part of the community.
Frio County has seen an overall growth in population over the past half century. Between 1940 and 1980 the number of residents increased from 9,207 to 13,785. Today the population is 16,249. More than two-thirds of the population was of Hispanic descent, with blacks, whites, and Indians accounting for most of the remainder. Pearsall was the largest town and Dilley ranked as the second biggest community.
County attractions include hunting, outdoor events, the Big Foot Wallace Museum, and the annual Potato Festival, held in June.
Cities and Towns in Frio County